

1999  PhD in Theoretical Physics, École Polytechnique, Paris, France  2000  2002  Postdoc, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ, USA  2002  2005  Postdoc, ETH Zürich, Switzerland  2005  2014  Maître de conférences, University of Rouen, France  2011  Habilitation à diriger des recherches in Mathematics, Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France  Since 2014  Professor (W2), University of Bonn 


A large number of problems in modern statistical mechanics and theoretical physics can be translated into the study of suitable functional integrals. These are integrals over many variables, or more generally measures on spaces of functions or distributions.
Most of these integrals cannot be computed explicitly. Nevertheless much useful, precise information can be gained using a mixture of analytical and algebraic tools, including complex analysis and saddle point methods, multiscale analysis, rigorous renormalization group, cluster and contour expansions for functions of many variables, functional analysis on Grassman algebras, harmonic analysis on surfaces.
My current research focuses mainly on models for order/disorder transition in classical mechanics (nematic phase), quantum diffusion (random Schroedinger operators and random matrices) and stochastic processes with reinforcement (random walks in a random environment). Some of these models can be mapped into the study of certain supersymmetric nonlinear sigma models (i.e. field theories where the target space is a nonlinear manifold, described by even and odd elements in a Grassmann algebra). The symmetries of the nonlinear manifold give rise to a family of equations (Ward identities), from which much useful information can be extracted on the corresponding functional integrals.
Though a phase transition was proved for the reinforced stochastic process [1,4,5], the behavior of the system near the transition point is still out of reach (except on certain treelike graphs). In the context of Random Schroedinger operators and random matrices, even the existence of a phase transition in dimensions larger than two remains an open problem. Supersymmetric Ward identities may help solving at least some particular examples (as the one dimensional chain). More generally, symmetrygenerated identities coupled with more robust techniques such as multiscale analysis and constructive renormalization may allow to understand other open problems in stochastics, classical and quantum field theory, for example, stochastic systems without determinantal correlations (that can be represented via fermionic functional integrals) and noncommutative quantum field theories (that can be represented via interacting matrix models).


Project A08 “Nonlinear sigma models”
within DFG Collaborative Research Center SFB 1060 “The Mathematics of Emergent Effects”,
Principal Investigator


Research Area G My research deals mostly with certain functional integrals arising in the context of quantum and classical statistical mechanics, but also stochastics processes. Edge reinforced random walks and vertex reinforced jump processes are history dependent stochastic processes, where the particle tends to come back more often on sites it has already visited in the past. For a particular scheme of reinforcement these processes are random walks in a random environment (mixing of reversible Markov chains) whose mixing measure can be related to a superymmetric nonlinear sigma model introduced in the context of random matrix models for quantum diffusion. This relation allows to prove, in particular, transience for weak reinforcement of both processes, in dimension larger than two [1].  Research Area B My research deals mostly with certain functional integrals arising in the context of quantum and classical statistical mechanics. In particular I am interested in models where an order/disorder transition is expected. As an example, a system of molecules with purely hard core interaction and strongly asymmetric geometry (for example elongated shapes) can exhibit a transition between a purely disordered phase, at very low density, and a (partially) ordered nematic phase, at higher density. In some simplified models this transition was proved rigorously [2]. To understand the general case one needs to understand how the measure associated to the system (more precisely the symmetries of the measure) behaves in the theormodynamic limit. The core of the problem lies in the restriction of the integral to some nonlinear manifold (nonlinear sigma model). Generalizations to supersymmetric nonlinear manifolds are relevant for the study of quantum diffusion models in disorder materials [3]. 


[ 1] Margherita Disertori, Christophe Sabot, Pierre Tarrès
Transience of edgereinforced random walk Comm. Math. Phys. , 339: (1): 121148 2015 DOI: 10.1007/s002200152392y[ 2] Margherita Disertori, Alessandro Giuliani
The nematic phase of a system of long hard rods Comm. Math. Phys. , 323: (1): 143175 2013 DOI: 10.1007/s0022001317671[ 3] Margherita Disertori, Vincent Rivasseau
Random matrices and the Anderson model Random Schrödinger operators of Panor. Synthèses : 161213 Publisher: Soc. Math. France, Paris 2008[ 4] M. Disertori, T. Spencer
Anderson localization for a supersymmetric sigma model Comm. Math. Phys. , 300: (3): 659671 2010 DOI: 10.1007/s0022001011246[ 5] M. Disertori, T. Spencer, M. R. Zirnbauer
Quasidiffusion in a 3D supersymmetric hyperbolic sigma model Comm. Math. Phys. , 300: (2): 435486 2010 DOI: 10.1007/s0022001011175[ 6] Margherita Disertori, Franz Merkl, Silke W. W. Rolles
A supersymmetric approach to martingales related to the vertexreinforced jump process arXiv preprint arXiv:1511.07157 2015[7] Margherita Disertori, Sasha Sodin
Semiclassical analysis of nonselfadjoint transfer matrices in statistical mechanics I Ann. Henri Poincaré , 17: (2): 437458 2016 DOI: 10.1007/s000230150397x [ 8] Margherita Disertori, Franz Merkl, Silke W. W. Rolles
Localization for a nonlinear sigma model in a strip related to vertex reinforced jump processes Comm. Math. Phys. , 332: (2): 783825 2014 DOI: 10.1007/s0022001421021[ 9] M. Disertori, H. Pinson, T. Spencer
Density of states for random band matrices Comm. Math. Phys. , 232: (1): 83124 2002 DOI: 10.1007/s0022000207330[ 10] M. Disertori, V. Rivasseau
Interacting Fermi liquid in two dimensions at finite temperature. II. Renormalization Comm. Math. Phys. , 215: (2): 291341 2000 DOI: 10.1007/s002200000301



 Master theses: 2, currently 1
 PhD theses: 2, currently 2


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